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The Genesis of Shiva (anglų k.)

Shiva, the Mahadeva, represents one of the three visible forms, or the functional aspects of God, namely, the creation, preservation and dissolution, that is, bringing the cosmos into existence, sustaining it and finally withdrawing it from existing. Lord Shiva represents the last of these three aspects, that is, dissolution or destruction of the cosmos. The other two aspects, the creation and the preservation, are represented respectively by Prajapati or Brahma, and Vishnu.

The Trinity of Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesha

Prajapati Brahma and Vishnu are Vedic gods. In the Rigveda, Prajapati and Brahma are mentioned as two gods, though both almost alike responsible for the act of Creation. Hence, in later Vedic literature, they merge into one entity, and are sometimes alluded to as Prajapati Brahma and sometimes as two synonymous terms alternating each other. In Puranic literature, Brahma gets pre-eminence and the term Prajapati is used only as the other name of Brahma to avoid monotonous repetition of the same nomenclature. Initially, that is, in the Rigveda, Vishnu is a subordinate type of god, but later by Puranic era, he attains the status of the Lord of the universe and the principal Vedic god.

Shiv is self illumining and is beyond the three attributes of Sattva, Rajas and Tamas. He created Vishnu, the preserver as Sattva, Brahma, the creator as Rajas and Rudra, the destroyer as Tamas.  Rig Veda is the oldest known surviving text of Hinduism. The actual age of Rig Veda is still a controversy. Scholars put forward different ages varying from 4500 BC to 1500 BC.  Rudra had mentioned in RigVeda. Rudra can be considered as an early form of Shiva. During the time when the epic of Ramayana was written, the name Rudra can be seen used synonymous with Shiva.

Explanation about the Rudra meaning:

There are several suggested etymologies for the theonym rudra. One possible origin is the Sanskrit root rud, or „to cry,“ which explains reference to Rudra as the „howler.“ Alternatively, rud has been connected to the verb „to be reddish,“ which suggest that Rudra’s name was inspired by the redness that often characterizes storm clouds. Yet another etymology associates Rudra with the term Rodasi, which refers to „heaven and earth,“ perhaps implying the god’s male and female aspects, which come to fruition in the androgynous Puranic god Ardhanarisvara. *1

Panchamukha Shiva

An alternate etymology suggested that derives Rudra („the Red, the Brilliant“) from a lost root rud-, „to be red“ or „to be ruddy“, or  „to shine“.

Taurus is called the Bull, a symbol of fertility but also the Will – as it works through the soul ruler of Taurus, Vulcan. It is also noteworthy that the Pleiades constellation found in Taurus, represents the ‘cosmic mother’ or intelligence principle. Shiva is the equivalent of Vulcan, representing the first ray of will-power. Nandi the bull is Shiva’s vehicle, the ‘jiva’ or soul. *2

Shiva, as well as Brahma and Vishnu, do not represent God but only His functional aspects, which manifest in Creation, in sustaining the Creation and, finally, in withdrawing the Creation, which occurs after every kalpa, which is the scheduled age of each Creation. the Trinity, with each of Shiva, Brahma and Vishnu having a scheduled life-span, is the time-bound manifestation of the timeless One, that is, the Trinity disappears after its allotted life-span to re-appear when the next kalpa begins, but the Omnipresent God neither appears nor disappears because He is always there before the time began and after its scale has exhausted.

Shiva, thus different from what the Puranas proclaim, is not Brahma’s creation.

Shiva/Rudra balancing on the Bull of Taurus with the SOLE/SOUL of his foot placed on the shoulder

He rather precedes his Trinity counterparts, Brahma and Vishnu, on time scale. This pre-eminence of Shiva over others as much reflects in their related theological chronology and availability of their iconic representations in visual arts. Brahma and Vishnu have their roots in the Vedas, and not before. Shiva has a pre-Vedic origin, as his worship cult seems to have been in vogue amongst the Indus dwellers, even around 3000 B. C.

*1 New World Encyclopedia

*2 Esoteric Astrologer

sources of the article: Black dog star and Exotic India


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